What is a Nebula Genomics DNA test?

Whole Genome Sequencing Nebula Genomics is a Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) test.  Whole genome sequencing reads 6.4 billion locations in your genome, which is approximately 10,000 times more than the number of markers tested in our genealogy DNA tests.  Each location of your genome is read 30 times, which results in high accuracy. After five […]

Unknown Anzacs in family photo album

Unknown Anzacs in family photo album Below I have shared two photographs of unknown Anzac soldiers found in a family photo album that belonged to a cousin of my mother. I have limited information about the soldiers in the photos, as the original owner – my great aunt – is deceased, but perhaps someone might […]

Do you recognise Pietro?

Do you recognise Pietro? Pietro never knew he had a daughter – named Franca.  Franca started looking for her father, or at least his identity, after her mother passed away in 2012.  Pietro would probably be aged over 100 by now, if he was still alive. Pietro was in Naples in 1942/43, where he met […]

Template for DNA match enquiry messages & emails

Once your DNA results have been released, you’ll be keen to start messaging your closest matches – especially if any of their surnames or places look familiar.  If you are new to genetic genealogy, follow the tips below to help you get a better response to your enquiries. Many people manage multiple DNA kits for […]

Kathleen, your aunt is looking for you!

After 41 years, Joan is still searching for her niece Joan Dunbar of Cairns in Far North Queensland, started searching for her niece, Kathleen, after her brother Charles died in 1980.  Joan knows that her niece’s name is Kathleen, and that Kathleen was born in the mid-1960s, but she doesn’t know exactly how old Kathleen […]

What is an AncestryDNA test?

What is an AncestryDNA test? An AncestryDNA test is an easy-to-do-at-home DNA test that uses a small amount of your saliva to extract your DNA.  If you can spit-a-little-bit, you can do it.  AncestryDNA tests are very popular with genealogists who use them to confirm their existing research and to connect their family lines with […]

Tips for Using GEDmatch

GEDmatch is a popular website used by genetic genealogists and family historians who are incorporating DNA evidence into their family history research.  Common questions asked in genetic genealogy and family history user groups include: “What is GEDmatch?”, “How do I upload my DNA to GEDmatch?”, “How do I use GEDmatch once I have uploaded?”, and […]

Should you upgrade your Family Finder transfer?

Family Tree DNA’s Autosomal Transfer Program is a very popular method of getting your DNA into the Family Finder database.  Why wouldn’t it be?  It is free, quick and easy!  When I have transferred AncestryDNA raw data files into FTDNA, I have been able to access the match results very quickly. Note that if you […]

What is a Family Finder test?

A Family Finder test is a very simple DNA test that anyone of any age or gender can do.  It is called ‘Family Finder’ because it has the potential to find family.  Family Finder is very popular with genealogists (family historians) looking to extend their family trees and solve family mysteries. Family Finder is one […]

How to Establish a DNA Interest Group

Thousands of genealogists have tested their DNA for family history purposes, but from my experience it seems that many are not members of DNA Interest Groups (DIGs) or even family history societies – they are going it alone, or getting their support entirely online. These genetic genies are missing out on valuable collaboration and interaction […]

X-DNA’s helpful inheritance patterns

X-DNA’s helpful inheritance patterns When you test your autosomal DNA at any of the five genealogy DNA testing companies (ie. Ancestry, 23andMe, MyHeritage, Family Tree DNA, Living DNA), your X-chromosome is also examined and X-DNA is included in your raw data &/or match results. When you match someone on your autosomal DNA and you also […]

atDNA: Finding Matches on All Ancestral Lines

Everyone inherits autosomal DNA from their parents: 50% from each parent, which contains a random mix of DNA segments from their parents, their parents, their parents, back for several more generations. The wonderful feature of autosomal DNA is that it can be inherited from all lines of your pedigree, not just the direct paternal or […]

mtDNA: the Direct Maternal Line

Everyone inherits mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from their mother – through her mother, her mother, her mother, her mother, and so on – represented by the pink boxes on the pedigree chart below. Both males and females inherit mitochondrial DNA from their mothers, but only females can pass it on to their children. If a person […]

Y-DNA: the Direct Paternal Line

All males inherit Y-chromosomes from their father – through his father, his father, his father, etc – represented by the direct paternal line as per the blue boxes on the chart below. Only males have Y-chromosomes, so only males can take a Y-DNA test. If a male has an exact match with another male who […]

What types of DNA tests are available?

What types of DNA tests are available? For genealogical purposes, there are three main types of DNA tests that are available: Y-chromosome (Y-DNA) tests for the direct paternal line, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) tests for the direct maternal line, and autosomal DNA (atDNA) tests for finding matches on all your ancestral lines. Each test type examines a different part […]

Which DNA testing company should I use?

Once you’ve decided to test your autosomal DNA as a part of your family history research, the next consideration is usually which DNA testing company to use. This guide applies specifically to autosomal DNA tests with matching databases, and is from the perspective of testers living in Australia & New Zealand, although most of it […]

Should my siblings test their DNA too?

This is a question often asked and heard in the genetic genealogy community.  Should I test my siblings too?  Would it help our family history research if siblings test their DNA?  The answer depends on the type of DNA test, the makeup of your family, and your research goals. mtDNA If you have already tested […]

Introduction to DNA Testing for Genealogy

DNA Testing & Family History Family history groups and societies have been abuzz with excitement over recent years, as DNA testing becomes mainstream for genealogists, and more and more are incorporating DNA evidence into their family history research.  Many new family history group members turn up with just DNA test results, and no prior research […]